Backfeed

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Backfeed est un système de gouvernance décentralisée (Decentralized Collaborative Organization DCO) organisé autour d’une blockchain, d’un algorithme de PoV (Proof of Value – preuve de valeur), d’un système de réputation et d’un mécanisme de crypto-token (jeton cryptographique). Il a pour ambition de permettre, dans le cadre d’une organisation collaborative décentralisée, la création de valeur et sa distribution équitable selon la contribution de chacun, sous la forme de jetons, qui prennent différentes valeurs au cours du temps (equity – commodité – monnaie)[1].

Objectif

La Blockchain pourrait être une technologie capable de répondre à cet objectif de stigmergie, en créant une documentation horodatée des contributions de chacun. Garder un historique de ces contributions est également primordial dans une organisation agile et ouverte comme OuiShare, puisqu’il y a en permanence des nouveaux membres et des départs. Au risque de générer des mésententes, les nouveaux arrivants doivent par exemple être au courant de l’historique des contributions afin de comprendre pourquoi certains contributeurs sont plus rétribués que d’autres[2].

Concepts[3]

  • peer to peer evaluation: system designed to identify the perceived value of individual contributions to a community and to compensate accordingly.
  • token: Backfeed rewards individual contributors through the distribution of tokens and the reallocation of individual influence or reputation within a given community, based on the perceived value of their contributions to that community. Tokens can represent the equity of a company or a DAO and can be used as the fuel of a Đapp that carries tangible market value like ether-coin and their like.
  • proof of value: the specific rewards granted to contributors and their corresponding influence in the community are calculated automatically by the workings of the protocol (Proof of Value) and do not require any kind of central administration.
  • Reputation Score : non-transferable unit of measure that reflects the degree of alignment of a participant within a network of peers. The reputation score determines the influence each user has in the evaluation process of the contributions of other participants. It can be accumulated in two ways: by making a contribution to the network that is perceived as valuable, and by making a useful evaluation of someone else's contribution.
  • Value Distribution : Value is distributed via tokens which are issued automatically whenever a contribution is recognized as valuable by the majority of reputation in a network, and collected as a fee whenever an action is performed that requires the attention or evaluation of other users.


Evolutions envisagées

Octobre 2015

Incentive for beneficial collaboration — The protocol should provide agents with incentives to contribute to the DCO. The protocol motivates participation by ensuring that agents will be rewarded with “tokens” as well as with a reputation score according to the community’s evaluation of their respective contributions. The protocol also motivates agents to evaluate genuinely each other’s contributions by ensuring that agents reputation in the DCO will be adjusted, upward or downward, according to the quality of their respective evaluations[4].

Mai 2016

Our governance proposal incentives token holders to participate in the assessment procedure of proposals, rewards the contribution of knowledge and skill and reinforces the influence of individuals who perform best in this process (...) the amount of tokens one holds can’t be the only measure of influence if this organization is interested in fully exploiting crowd wisdom and incentivise positive bottom-up engagement. Our proposal will introduce a public reputation system to The DAO’s governance process - reinforcing positive influence, while filtering out the noise (...) participation in shareholder votes tends to drop to ridiculous lows if the system does not provide incentives for participation. This too will be solved by our reputation system and the incentive mechanisms (...) this system of personal trust should be replaced by an algorithmical and decentralized version of itself, which creates a trustable environment relying on the dynamics which arise from a hardcoded, auditable and predictable protocol, rather than from the respectability of certain individuals [5].


Organisations dérivées

Decentralized Autonomous Collection DAC

DACs would likely still depend on a significant amount of volunteer labour such as that already provided by museum interpreters, Wikipedia authors, open-source software contributors, YouTube videographers, etc.. However, these invividuals may be extra-motivated to participate in a given DAC if their work is rewarded with cryptocurrency tokens and/or reputation points when their contributions reach a given threshold, the rules of which are described and executed transparently through a public smart contract[6].

Carnet

  • Benjamin Tincq, co-fondateur de Ouishare [7]
  • Joel Dietz, Swarm
  • Greg Xethalis, Katten
  • Primavera de Filippi, Harvard / LOVE
  • Jim Hazard, Common Accord[8]
  • Dominik Schiener[9]

Voir aussi